Traitor, Survivor, Icon The Legacy of La Malinche Victoria I. Lyall, Terezita Romo, Karen Cordero, Sandra Messinger Cypess, Ines Hernandez-Avila, Camilla Townsend, Alicia Gaspar de Alba, Charlene Villasenor Black, Emmanuel Ortega, Lisa Sousa, Luis Vargas-Santiago

Publication date:
08 Feb 2022
Yale University Press
224 pages: 279 x 229mm
141 color + 10 b-w illus.

The first major visual and cultural exploration of the legacy of La Malinche, simultaneously reviled as a traitor to her people and hailed as the mother of Mexico

An enslaved Indigenous girl who became Hernán Cortés’s interpreter and cultural translator, Malinche stood at center stage in one of the most significant events of modern history. Linguistically gifted, she played a key role in the transactions, negotiations, and conflicts between the Spanish and the Indigenous populations of Mexico that shaped the course of global politics for centuries to come. As mother to Cortés’s firstborn son, she became the symbolic progenitor of a modern Mexican nation and a heroine to Chicana and Mexicana artists.

Traitor, Survivor, Icon is the first major publication to present a comprehensive visual exploration of Malinche’s enduring impact on communities living on both sides of the US-Mexico border. Five hundred years after her death, her image and legacy remain relevant to conversations around female empowerment, indigeneity, and national identity throughout the Americas. This lavish book establishes and examines her symbolic import and the ways in which artists, scholars, and activists through time have appropriated her image to interpret and express their own experiences and agendas from the 1500s through today.

Victoria I. Lyall is the Frederick and Jan Mayer Curator of Art of the Ancient Americas at the Denver Art Museum. Terezita Romo is a lecturer and affiliate faculty in the Chicana/o Studies Department at UC Davis.

Denver Art Museum
(February 6–May 8, 2022)

Albuquerque Museum
(June 11–September 4, 2022)

San Antonio Museum of Art
(October 14, 2022–January 8, 2023)