"Power and Justice in Medieval England" by Joshua C. Tate

Power and Justice in Medieval England The Law of Patronage and the Royal Courts Joshua C. Tate

Series:
Yale Law Library Series in Legal History and Reference
Format:
Hardback
Publication date:
10 May 2022
ISBN:
9780300163834
Imprint:
Yale University Press
Dimensions:
272 pages: 235 x 156mm
Illustrations:
9 b-w illus.

How the medieval right to appoint a parson helped give birth to English common law

Appointing a parson to the local church following a vacancy—an “advowson”—was one of the most important rights in medieval England. The king, the monasteries, and local landowners all wanted to control advowsons because they meant political, social, and economic influence. The question of law turned on who had the superior legal claim to the vacancy—which was a type of property—at the time the position needed to be filled.

In tracing how these conflicts were resolved, Joshua C. Tate takes a sharply different view from that of historians who focus only on questions of land ownership, and he shows that the English needed new legal contours to address the questions of ownership and possession that arose from these disputes. Tate argues that the innovations made necessary by advowson law helped give birth to modern common law and common law courts.

Joshua C. Tate is a professor of law at the SMU Dedman School of Law. He is an academic fellow of the American College of Trust and Estate Counsel and serves the Selden Society as a member of the council and as the honorary treasurer for the United States.