Adonis, poetAdonis (born Ali Ahmad Said Esber) is a Syrian poet and essayist who led the modernist movement in Arabic poetry in the second half of the 20th century. He has written more than 20 books in his native Arabic, including the pioneering work An Introduction to Arab Poetics. Adonis received the Bjornson Prize in 2007. Other awards and honours include the first International Nazim Hikmet Poetry Award, the Syria-Lebanon Best Poet Award, and the highest award of the International Poem Biennial in Brussels. He was elected a member of the Stephane Mallarme Academy in 1983. He lives in Paris. Khaled Mattawa is assistant professor of language and literature at the University of Michigan. He is the author of four books of poetry, most recently Tocqueville (2010), and is the recipient of the PEN award for literary translation, a Guggenheim fellowship, and two Pushcart prizes. He was born in Benghazi, Libya, and emigrated to the United States when he was a teenager.

In August 2011 Adonis won the prestigious €50,000 Goethe prize, the first Arab writer to do so.

Adonis becomes first Arab writer to win Goethe prize 
Adonis declared Nobel prize for literature favourite

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